A Brief Outline (pdf)
The aim of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei is to promote, coordinate, integrate and spread scientific knowledge in its highest expression, in the unity and universality of culture.
The Academy is divided into two Classes: Physical, Mathematical and Natural Sciences and Moral, Historical and Philogical Sciences. Each of the two Classes comprises 90 national members, 90 corresponding members and 90 foreign members.
The Class of Physical Sciences is subdivided into 5 categories: Mathematics, Mechanics and their applications; Astronomy, Geodesy, Geophysics and their applications; Physics, Chemistry and their applications; Geology, Palaeontolgy, Mineralogy and their applications; Biological Sciences and their applications.
The Class of Moral Sciences is subdivided into 7 categories: Philology and Linguistics; Archaeology; Criticism of Art and Poetry; History, Historic and Anthropic Geography; Philosophical Sciences; Juridical Sciences; Political and Social Sciences.
Organs of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei are the following:
- the President, or the Vice President in his stead
- the Academic Administrator, or the assistant Academic Admin-istrator in his stead
- the President's Council
- the General Assembly of the two Classes
- the Assembly of each Class in its competent fields
- the College of Auditors.
The President represents the Academy; the President and the Vice President are the Presidents of their respective Classes
When the President is a member of the Class of Physical Sciences, the Vice President must be a member of the Class of Moral Sciences and vice versa.
The President and the Vice President are elected for a three year period. They can be immediately re-elected only once.
The Chancellor of the Academy assists the President and his Council and is the General Director of the Academy.
The Academy edits certain periodicals (Rendiconti and Memorie of the two Classes, and Notizie degli Scavi di Antichità) through which it maintains connections with all the chief scientific Institutes of the world. It also edits Monumenti antichi, Classici greci e latini and Problemi attuali di Scienze e di Cultura.
Many public bodies and private benefactors are attached to the Academy. The most important are the Associazione degli Amici dell'Accademia whose aim is to establish and develop a permanent link between finance and business and the Accademia dei Lincei; the Feltrinelli Fund, which awards considerable prizes to men of science, letters and arts. In 1948 the President of the Italian Republic, Luigi Einaudi, instituted the National Prizes for the seven years of his Presidency. This generous enterprise has been continued by all successive Presidents.
Moreover, starting with the academic year 1960-61, the Minister of Education instituted two annual prizes, one for each of the two Classes of the Academy.
Both the National Prizes given by the President of the Republic, and the prizes given by the Minister of Education are awarded every year in different branches of study according to an order fixed beforehand.